The Associació Grup d’Acció Local Pesquer Costa Brava (FLAG) works in 11 out of 20 municipalities of the coastline of Girona’s province, limiting north with the Côte Vermeille in France and limiting south with Maresme’s coast.
Their beaches are nearly a third of the total length of the Catalan seaside. Its orography it is mainly shaped by cliffs with coves in between and large beaches around the Muga, Fluvià and Ter river mouths.
The municipalities that belong to the FLAG’s area are the main tourist spots of the Costa Brava: Roses, L’Escala, l’Estartit, Blanes, Lloret de Mar, Sant Feliu de Guíxols and Palamós, as well as the fishing villages of Cadaqués, Llançà, Tossa de Mar and El Port de la Selva.
Although tourism has became the principal economic activity since middle 20th Century, in these municipalities fishing has had a great importance in the past and their fishing personality is still alive and has left a footprint that one can still perceive in their people, their cultural and natural heritage, their streets and their traditions. Unfortunately, between 2000 and 2013, the fishing sector in Catalonia has decreased 41%, while in Girona’s coast this decrease has been 38%.
When focusing on population, Blanes, Lloret de Mar and Sant Feliu de Guíxols are the biggest towns, accounting for 57% of the total population of the FLAG’s area. Together with Palamós, their population density is above 750 inhab./km2. Meanwhile, small municipalities with 150 inhab./km2 of population density are also represented, such as El Port de la Selva, Cadaqués and Tossa de Mar.
Overall, the population of these municipalities has decreased in recent years possibly due to the lack of economic expectations, while in the whole Girona’s province the population has remained stable. Regarding to the unemployment data in the FLAG’s area, in 2011 there were 33.299 unemployed people, which meant an unemployment rate of 34,4% of the active population, 9 points above the total Catalan rate (25,7%).
The strategy of the FLAG Costa Brava is based on four strategic axes which include several specific objectives:
- Competitiveness: increase and improvement of the competitiveness of the fishing sector by giving added value to local fish and aquaculture products, optimizing the first sale systems on fish markets, searching for new commercial paths for local fish products and promoting diversification towards the canning, processing and aquaculture industry.
- Sustainability: guarantee the biodiversity and the increase of the fishing and maritime resources by promoting the conservation and upgrading of the environmental heritage and the maritime and water ecosystems of coastal areas.
- Sustainable development of the municipalities and fishing territories by boosting the economic diversification, creating synergies with other economic sectors such as tourism, culture and sport, and promoting together the blue economy.
- Training: improvement of training and capacity building of the fishing sector by updating the training plans towards the current needs of the sector, in order to attract new generations, and organizing training activities that boost the blue economy in coastal areas.
Interests of cooperation
- Boosting the economic activity by promoting local fish products and their value chain
- Exchange of good practices
- Entrepreneurship and strategies to attract young people in the territory
- Enhancing the natural and cultural resources
- Promoting networking and collaborative models
 Source: Idescat 2011